When and Where to Plant


Pick a location with good soil drainage and good air drainage such as on the top or side of a hill, to avoid frost pockets where cold air or late frosts settle at the bottoms of valleys. Avoid areas with soil that stays saturated for long periods of time, such as creek bottoms or low areas that stay saturated during snow melt in spring.

Pick a location with good sunlight. The best areas are along the edges of food plots. If you are planting in the forest pick tree fall gaps or open areas where the trees can grow towards sunlight above.


Deer are an edge species, so select areas along existing woodlands at the edge of fields or open areas. Plant trees in groups for best pollination, ideally in groups of 5-10 for each kind of tree. Most trees are wind and insect pollinated, and this will improve nut and fruit. Trees can also be planted as corridors, to create cover for game to move between separate patches of woodlands. Fence rows can be used as natural trellises to plant berries and grapes.

Spend some time on your land and consider how game moves on the land currently. Plan how you want to hunt your food plot, such as the location for stands in existing larger trees, and for open shooting lanes. Planting along edges allows you to shoot across an open lane to game feeding along the other side.


Trees are spaced according to their ultimate size. If planted too far apart, inefficient pollination occurs, or if planted too close, trees will grow towards the sunlight and not bear crops on the side branches (this is OK if a timber crop is also desired). Chestnuts and oaks are planted 35-40' apart and fruit trees such as apples, pears and persimmons are planted 15-20’' apart.


In the past, trees were traditionally planted at the end of winter, because they were grown bare-root in the field nurseries and shipped dormant (without leaves) to the buyer.

With container grown trees, trees can be planted throughout much of the year, except during the coldest winter months when there is snow on the ground or the ground is frozen, as long as you have adequate irrigation.

Trees can be planted in the south from October through April. In northern states, planting is best in September and again in April and May.

In spring, we ship progressively farther north as the spring arrives across the nation. If you receive trees from us in the spring, wait until after the major threat of frost is past before planting.

Fall is an excellent time to plant. Not only are you at your property preparing to hunt, but the trees slow down and go dormant with the fall, and even without leaves continue to root in during the winter as long as the ground is not frozen.The young trees will become acclimated and actually come out stronger in the spring. Fall usually brings frontal rains, that water the trees naturally, and since they are slowing down in growth and going dormant, require less water. This is especially good for forest plantings where you cannot easily get water to the trees after planting.